From Star Trek: Theurgy Wiki
The Bajorans (also known as the "Bajora") were a spiritual, dauntless humanoid species native to the planet Bajor in the Alpha Quadrant. Bajoran culture places a strong belief in the Prophets, celestial beings who are said to have watched over Bajor for millennia; modern religious doctrine states that the Bajoran Wormhole is the Prophets’ Celestial Temple. The Bajorans had one of the oldest and richest cultures in the quadrant, though in the 24th century, they suffered greatly at the hands of the Cardassian Union. With their liberation from the Cardassians and the discovery of the Bajoran wormhole in 2369, the Bajorans were thrust onto the interstellar stage. Source: Memory Alpha
The 'Bajorans had lost much after decades of occupation by the Cardassian Union. Many Bajorans were scattered across the Alpha Quadrant during the occupation, while those who remained on Bajor often acted as insurgents or toiled in labor camps under Cardassian rule. The occupation ended in 2369, but the scars it left would take generations to heal.
After rescinding its petition of Federation Membership during the Dominion War under the advice of Benjamin Sisko, the Third Republic of Bajor officially reopened its request in 2376 and became fully inducted on 29 September 2376. With the added resources of the Federation, Bajor underwent a extended period of peace and prosperity.
In 2377, the Vedek Assembly elected a new Kai, Pralon Onala was chosen. Choosing to distance herself from the political interference of her predecessor, Kai Pralon spoke solely to the Bajoran Government on matters of faith.